Artichokes, also known as globe artichokes, are a popular vegetable that are grown in several regions around the world. They are a perennial vegetable, which means they can be grown and harvested for multiple seasons.One of the main regions where artichokes are grown is in the Mediterranean area, particularly in Italy, Spain and France. In Italy, artichokes are grown mainly in the regions of Lazio, Campania, and Sicily, which are known for their favorable climates and fertile soils. The artichokes produced in these regions are considered to be some of the best in the world and are known for their high quality and large size.Another major producer of artichokes is California, United States. California produces over 99% of artichokes grown in the United States, with the majority of them grown in Monterey, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo counties. The artichokes from California are known for their large size, tenderness and high quality.In addition to these regions, artichokes are also grown in other countries such as Israel, Chile, and Peru. In Israel, artichokes are grown mainly in the coastal plain region, where the climate is mild and the soil is rich in nutrients. Chile and Peru are also known to export artichokes to other countries, and have become a major supplier in the world market.Artichokes are also grown in smaller scale in other countries such as Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand, however, these countries have a smaller production compared to the previous mentioned regions.Artichokes are typically grown in areas with mild to moderate climates, and require well-drained soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. They are also sensitive to frost, so they are typically planted in the spring and harvested in the late spring or early summer.In conclusion, Artichokes are a popular vegetable grown in several regions around the world, with the main regions being the Mediterranean area, particularly in Italy, Spain and France, and California in the United States. Other regions where artichokes are grown are in Israel, Chile, Peru, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand. Artichokes require mild to moderate climates, well-drained soils, and are sensitive to frost. They are planted in spring and harvested in late spring or early summer.